To participate in the workshop, you will need the following:
- A laptop with Linux, Mac OS or Windows and at least one free USB port.
- If it’s Windows or Mac OS, make sure to install drivers for the CH340 UBS2TTL chip.
- A micro-USB cable with data lines that fits your USB port.
- You will need a terminal application installed. For Linux and Mac you can use
screen, which is installed by default. For Windows we recommend PuTTy or CoolTerm.
- Please note that the workshop will be in English.
- In addition, at the workshop, you will receive:
- WeMos D1 Mini development board with ESP8266 on it,
- Red LED,
- 100Ω resistor,
- SG90 microservo,
- Female-female and Male-female dupont cables,
- Piezoelectric speaker.
The firmware that is flashed on the boards is also available at https://bitbucket.org/thesheep/d1workshop/downloads/firmware-combined.bin
The board we are using is called “WeMos D1 Mini” and has an ESP8266 module on it, which we will be programming. It comes with the latest version of MicroPython already setup on it, together with all the drivers we are going to use.
The D0, D1, D2, … numbers printed on the board are different from what Micropython uses – because originally those boards were made for a different software. Make sure to refer to the image below to determine which pins are which.
It has a micro-USB socket for connecting to the computer. On the side is a button for reseting the board. Along the sides of the board are two rows of pins, to which we will be connecting cables.
The symbols meaning is as follows:
3v3- this is a fancy way to write 3.3V, which is the voltage that the board runs on internally. You can think about this pin like the plus side of a battery.
G- this is the ground. Think about it like the minus side of the battery.
gpioXX- “gpio” stands for “general purpose input output”. Those are the pins we will be using for sending and receiving signals to and from various devices that we will connect to them. They can act as output – pretty much like a switch that you can connect to plus or to minus with your program. Or they can act as input, telling your program whether they are connected to plus or minus.
a0- this is the analog pin. It can measure the voltage that is applied to it, but it can only handle up to 3.3V.
5V- this pin is connected with the 5V from your computer. You can also use it to power your board with a battery when it’s not connected to the computer. The voltage applied here will be internally converted to the 3.3V that the board needs.
rst- this is a reset button (and a corresponding pin, to which you can connect external button).
Many of the gpio pins have an additional function, we will cover them separately.
The board you got should already have MicroPython with all the needed libraries flashed on it. In order to access its console, you will need to connect it to your computer with the micro-USB cable, and access the serial interface that appears with a terminal program.
Linux and MacOS¶
Simply open a terminal and run the following commands. On Linux:
screen /dev/ttyUSB0 115200
screen /dev/tty.SLAB_USBtoUART 115200
To exit screen, press ctrl+A and then capital K.
For the serial interface to appear in your system, you will need to install the drivers for CH340. Once you have that, you can use either Hyper Terminal, PuTTy or CoolTerm to connect to it, following this guide.
The parameters for the connection are: 115200 baud rate, 8 data bits, no parity, 1 stop bit, no flow control.
Once you are connected, press “enter” and you should see the Micropython prompt, that looks like this:
It’s traditional to start with a “Hello world!” program, so type this and press “enter”:
If you see “Hello world!” displayed in the next line, then congratulations, you got it working.
Official Documentation and Support¶
The official documentation for this port of Micropython is available at
http://micropython.org/resources/docs/en/latest/esp8266/. There is a also a
forum on which you can ask questions and get help, located at
http://forum.micropython.org/. Finally, there are
#micropython channels on http://freenode.net IRC network, where people chat
in real time. Remember that all people there are just users like you, but
possibly more experienced, and not employees who get paid to help you.